What can we learn about investment income opportunities from coupon-clipping environments? From 1977 to 2019, the price of the Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index rose in 22 calendar years and fell in 21 years, but, adding in the index’s coupon income, the index rose in 40 of 43 years. (The down years were 1994, 1999, and 2013.)
“While investors don’t clip actual bond coupons anymore, investment income is still essential for many investors, and has also provided an important cushion against possible price losses,” said LPL Financial Chief Investment Officer Burt White.
As shown in the LPL Chart of the Day, the average coupon for different bond sectors can range quite a bit, from a little over 2% for Treasuries to just over 6% for high-yield bonds. Those differences come with a catch—higher income usually means higher risk.
When bond prices don’t move a lot, most of their return comes just from the income, a “coupon-clipping” environment. Even when bond prices move a little lower, the total return can remain positive because of the coupon income, as it has 18 of 21 times when bond prices declined since 1977.
The current historically low coupons leave a smaller cushion for income to offset price declines, creating more concern about a rising rate environment (bond prices fall when interest rates rise). While we do expect Treasury yields to rise over the second half of the year, continued support from the Federal Reserve, little inflationary pressure, and still-attractive yields compared with other international developed countries should help limit the size of the move. With the gains from price increases in the first half of the year already in hand, we expect something like a coupon-clipping environment over the entire course of 2020, with greater diversification benefits should we see another market downturn.